Romanian Higher Education System
In order to be informed, here you may find the Higher Education System at a glance
The Romanian Higher Education (HE) system is coordinated by the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research (MECS).
Since 1999, Romania is part of the Bologna Process, which is a large-scale inter-governmental cooperation to make higher education systems comparable among the 48 European member states (from Portugal to Kazakhstan and from Norway to Malta). Thus, the Romanian higher education system is structured as follows:
The academic year starts in the first week of October. As Romanian higher education institutions are autonomous, they may decide on the academic schedule. Each year is divided into two semesters. Each semester lasts 14 weeks. As a student, you will have a summer holiday (typically from July until late September), a Christmas holiday, an Easter holiday (associated with the Orthodox Easter) and a short holiday (usually one week) at the end of the first semester.
Examinations (oral or written) take place at the end of each semester. A re-examination period is typically scheduled before the beginning of the new academic year.
- Romania has slightly over 100 public and private HE institutions. For a full list, please see: http://administraresite.edu.ro/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=16479
- Romania had approximately 540,000 students enrolled in the 2013/2014 academic year
The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) allows you to be mobile, with the possibility of easily transferring learning outcomes between Romanian universities and foreign institutions.
All Bachelor and Master programs use the ECTS system for both accumulation and transfer:
• The 1st cycle (Bachelor) includes a minimum of 180 and a maximum of 240 ECTS and is finalised with the level 6 of European Qualifications Framework; more specifically, one year of Bachelor day studies corresponds to 60 ECTS, while a BA programme typically takes 3-4 years to complete, depending on the field and area of specialisation. The length of Engineering, Law and Theology studies is 4 years.
• As EU regulated professions (with automatic recognition within the EU), the Pharmacy 5-year programme is the equivalent of 300 transferable study credits (ECTS equivalent), whereas the Medicine, Dentistry, Veterinary Medicine programmes, which last 6 years, are equivalent to 360 ECTS.
• 2nd cycle (Master's) includes a minimum of 90 and a maximum of 120 transferable study credits and takes 1 - 2 years to complete. In order to access the 3rd cycle (PhD level), 300 ECTS are needed. Post university programmes usually use ECTS as well and are finalised with an exam of certification of professional competences acquired during the programme.
The 3rd cycle (PhD). Doctoral studies in theory include 240 ECTS; advanced studies in Doctoral Schools include 60 ECTS. Full-time or part-time doctoral studies correspond to 3 years' work time. Some Doctoral Schools use ECTS only for the first year of advanced studies, to demonstrate accumulated credits for taught part of the PhD (involving class attendance). Some Doctoral Schools use, on the other hand, ECTS for the full programme of doctoral candidates (workload referring to taught courses and preliminary research papers).
Interested in being mobile? Romania is part of the Erasmus+ European Union mobility scheme. This means that each university has a number of short term (3-12 months) mobility scholarships available for its students, in order for students to be supported to go abroad on academic or internship-based mobility. More information about the programme is available at Erasmus+ section or on the websites of each university.
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